Compost is an important element for your garden that is essential for achieving strong, productive and healthy plants. It is basically an organic material that has naturally decomposed and it contains nutrients that can greatly benefit your plants. It also helps to enhance the consistency of the soil by improving the texture which allows the soil to hold the correct moisture content. It can be easily mixed in with your existing soil and it will improve the composition and structure, making your soil richer and more workable. It is perfect for the plants as it supplies a constant source of nutrients that they can take in on a daily basis which makes them more resistant to disease.
Using compost also has many environmental benefits. It is the ideal way to recycle the waste that your garden produces, such as leaves and grass clippings that you would normally throw away. At the same time you will eliminate the need to buy and use chemical fertilizers, which will save you money in the long run as making your own compost won't cost you anything.
Another great advantage is that it is also extremely easy to make. All you need is a bin or container in your garden where you can simply store the waste and leave it to decompose. You can choose between an open or closed bin or container and you can easily make one from wood or use a plastic one if you prefer.
The most effective compost contains a mixture of brown and green waste. For example mix dry brown leaves or straw with green leaves and grass, this will help to create a good balance of nitrogen and carbon that is ideal for compost. Make sure the majority of the waste is brown as the dry leaves will absorb the moisture from the grass enough for it to stay damp but not too wet.
You can start by simply layering each one in the container and - it will start to decompose quickly at first and then more slowly over time. It is also necessary to regularly mix it up to evenly distribute the moisture and to circulate the oxygen which is equally important to the process. During the decomposition the core or middle part of the compost heap can get warm, this is a normal part of the reaction process and nothing to worry about.
Composting is an efficient and relatively easy way to provide your plants with the nourishment they need and it is completely free and environmentally friendly.